Ancient Mediterranean
Myth Classical Mythology
  CLAS109 • Classical Mythology

DC eXperience & Field Trip

Earn up to 100 DC eXperience points™ by searching the virtual landscape of Washington DC for fasces (“rods and ax” classical symbol of imperial power)—you can also earn points through a classical-digital scavenger hunt, including performances of ancient tragedy and/or a recipe.

F I N D I N G   F A S C E S
how to :: insert images and commentary (200 words) into DC-Xp blank :: 40Xp
answer :: explain how these fasces function in DC—e.g. what is the significance
  behind the defensive bundle of rods in union? the power of the offensive ax?
recommended: Rick Steves The Story of Fascism
Lincoln Memorial :: Doric Temple :: Choragic Monument of Thrasyllus
• inscriptional frieze with wreaths - find your state
• statue of the deity (Lincoln) - hands on fasces
• steps - fasces below tripods
• murals - “Emancipation” or “Unification” with fasces to side
Emancipation Memorial - Lincoln Park
• statue of Lincoln with freedman - hand on fasces
Supreme Court :: Delphic Oracle
• pediment - Order, Liberty Enthroned, Authority (i.e. centurion with fasces)
• east frieze - Bill of Rights, L. “Majesty of Law” R. “Power of Government” (with fasces)
• south frieze - “Fame” enthroned; Menes of Egypt, with ankh (c. 3200 BCE, Dyn. I);
    Hammurabi of Babylon (c. 1700 BCE); Moses (c. 1200 BCE); “Authority” with fasces;
    Solomon of Israel (c. 900 BCE); Lycurgus of Sparta (c. 800 BCE); Solon of Athens
    (c. 638-558 BCE); “Light of Wisdom”; Draco of Athens (ca.600 BCE); Confucius
    (551-478 BCE); Octavian/Augustus (63 BCE–14 CE); “History” enthroned
• bronze doors (left panels, top to bottom) - Justinian Code (fasces), Julian & Scholar,
    Praetors Edict, Shield of Achilles
Capitol Building :: Capitoline Hill
• Statue of Freedom - base: E PLURIBUS UNUM (“out of many, one“), supported by fasces
• US House speaker's rostrum - flanked by fasces
• rotunda, Apotheosis of Washington - “Libertas” (with fasces) seated to right of Washington
    banner: E PLURIBUS UNUM (“out of many, one“)
• statue of Washington (by Houdon) - hand on fasces
National Archives :: Temple of Clio (Muse of History)
• north pediment - fasces under eagles
• north entrance, west statue ("The Past") - fasces on statue base
    include inscription: STUDY THE PAST
• south entrance, east statue ("Guardianship") - fasces under hand (and on base)
Department of Justice (next door), north attic - row of fasces above colonnade

S C A V E N G E R   H U N T
how to :: insert images & commentary (100 words) into DC-Xp blank :: 20Xp per cluster of four
answer :: explain how these images function in their specific Library of Congress context

Library of Congress :: Jefferson Building
Evolution of Civilization - Edwin Howland Blashfield, 1897
lantern collar mural, main reading room - “Human Understanding“ lifting veil of ignorance
    Egypt (Written Records), Judea (Religion), Greece (Philosophy), Rome (Administration),
    Islam (Physics), Middle Ages (Modern Languages), Italy (Fine Arts), Germany (Printing),
    Spain (Discovery), England (Literature), France (Emancipation), America (Science)
Muses - Edward Simmons, 1897 > find four
lunettes, first floor, northwest corridor - Melpomene (Tragedy), Clio (History), Thalia
    (Comedy & Bucolic Poetry), Euterpe (Lyric Song), Terpsichore (Dancing), Erato (Love
    Poetry), Polyhymia (Sacred Song), Urania (Astronomy), and Calliope (Epic Poetry)
        cf. Clio (US Capitol, National Statuary Hall) and Melpomene (International Park)
Greek Heroes - Walter MacEwen, 1897 > find four
lunettes, first floor, southwest corridor - Paris, Jason, Bellerophon, Orpheus, Perseus,
    Prometheus, Theseus, Achilles, and Hercules
Library of Congress :: Adams Building
Origin of Writing - Lee Lawrie, 1939
west entrance, central bronze doors (flanking east) - Hermes (Greek), Odin (Viking),
    Ogma (Irish), Itzama (Mayans), Quetzalcoatl (Aztecs), Sequoyah (Cherokee)
east entrance, central bronze doors (flanking west) - Thoth (Egyptian), Ts'ang Chieh or
    Cangjie (Chinese), Nabu (Sumero-Akkadian), Brahma (India), Cadmus (Phoenician),
    Tamurath or Tahurmas (Persia)

how to :: insert commentary (100 words) into DC-Xp blank :: 20Xp (choose up to two)
answer :: how does the ancient story or the ancient artifacts fit our contemporary context?

Reading Greek Tragedy :: Center for Hellenic Studies (CHS)
• Homer Iliad (10.1)
• Aeschylus Prometheus Bound (3.1)
      Eumenides (6.1)
• Euripides Bacchae (9.1)
      Medea (11.1)
      Iphigenia in Tauris (13.1)
Rhetoric & Poetics :: University of Chicago
• Euripides Bacchae (9.1) - Pauly 2019
Theater of War • those markedXp earn eXperience points
• Aeschylus Prometheus in Prison | clip | discussionXp
      EumenidesTheater of Law
• Sophocles Antigonein Ferguson | “I'm Covered” | performance, IXp or performance, IIXp
• Euripides BacchaeDionysius Project | clip | discussionXp
Archaeological Institute of America :: AIA-DC
• Imed ben Jerbania (Institut national du Patrimoine-Tunisie) • Archaeology of North Africa
    Precinct of Ba‘al: New Discoveries & Long-Standing Challenges • 28 Feb 21 @14h00
• Kristina Killgrove, UNC Chapel Hill • AIA National Matson Lecturer
    Death Comes to Oplontis: Victims of Mt. Vesuvius in 79 AD • 21 Apr 21 @19h00

how to :: insert images of (1) ingredients, (2) your cooking, (3) your eating into DC-Xp blank :: 20Xp

pasta sauce of garlic, olive oil and chili pepper, with anchovy for a garum-umami kick
garum was a Phoenician/Greco-Roman sauce derived from salted, fermented fish intestines
    watch Iron Chef: Ambassador

___ large pasta pot, ca.12qt
___ large sauté pan or wok - optional
___ colander or sieve (pasta stay, water go)
___ two wooden spatulas or grandma spoons
___ clean ladle or cup with handle

shopping list
wear a mask, keep your distance
___ 500g/16oz pasta (e.g. spaghetti) - $2
___ 100ml/4oz EVO (olive oil) - $7 (400ml/16oz)
___ four cloves garlic, or more to taste (fresh only, no substitute) - 50¢ (one head)
___ one tsp red pepper flakes (or one fresh, thinly sliced pepper), more to taste - $1 (50g/1.5oz)
___ 55g/2oz tin of anchovies** in oil - $1.50 (or 55g/2oz umeboshi paste)
        **the whole point of the recipe > garum = umami (savory) > substitute umeboshi for vegetarians
___ one heaping handful salt - $1.50 (737g/26oz)
___ one handful/bunch fresh parsley – optional
___ one can tuna – optional

serves 4 as primo (first course), or 2 as secundo (main course, adding tuna—must be very hungry!)
  • Set a large pot of water on high heat—as it comes to a boil, slice the fresh garlic paper thin
  • Once boiling, add a heaping handful of salt and then add package of pasta (e.g. spaghetti)
  • Cook al dente (i.e. firm when bitten) following package instructions, or 2 minutes from cooked
  • While the pasta is cooking, in a very large sauté pan** combine the olive oil, anchovies (with their oil), garlic, and red pepper flakes over medium-low heat—once the pan is hot, simmer at very low heat, slowly letting the anchovies dissolve and letting the oil absorb all the flavors
        **if you don't have a large pan or wok, combine in a small saucepan
  • When the pasta is al dente, reserve one coffee-cup full of the starchy-salty pasta water
  • Then drain the pasta, immediately transfering it into the skillet with the flavored oil and with the starchy-salty pasta water (or back into the large pot, pouring the oily and starchy-salty on top)
  • Turn the heat to medium-high and toss the pasta constantly for three minutes, until the sauce has emulsified and coats the pasta
  • For pizzaz and/or protein, toss in chopped parsley and/or crumble in a can of tuna – optional

F I E L D   T R I P
Earn Field Trip eXperience points™ by taking a virtual tour of the National Gallery of Art (NGA)
how to :: insert image of artifact into FT-Xp blank :: 33 artifacts (three eXperience points each)
Etruscan head of an African
A N C I E N T   A R T I F A C T S

Flight of Europa
P A U L   M A N S H I P
Corinthian Maid
C L A S S I C A L   I N S P I R A T I O N